The Nazca civilization flourished on the southern coast of Peru between 200 BCE and 600 CE. They settled in the Nazca people and other surrounding valleys with their principal religious and urban sites being Cahuachi and Ventilla, respectively. The culture is noted for its distinctive pottery and textiles, and perhaps above all, for the geoglyphs made on the desert floor commonly known as Nazca lines. These can be simple lines, cleared spaces, or animals and figures traced in outline, and, as they cover several kilometres, they are best appreciated from the air.This is maybe one of the best art work of Nazca people probably intent to pleased and communicate with gods.
Im not so convince with this story and i start searching for who this Nazca people are. How they got their knowledge for that advanced engineering.
Graves, often placed up to 4.5 metres deep and accessed via a shaft, are the richest source of Nazca people artefacts and reveal many aspects of the culture. Fine pottery and textiles were buried with the dead and with no particular distinction between male and female burials. The deceased is mummified, carefully wrapped in textiles and usually placed in a seated position, skulls sometimes display deliberate elongation, and we know the Nazca people wore tattoos. Tombs, especially shaft ones lined with mud bricks, could be re-opened and more mummies added, perhaps indicating ancestor worshiping.
Cahuachi is an enormous site, including some 370 acres in area, dominated by a central pyramid and plaza. It was a major center of the Nasca people during the early period (before about AD 450), and was the central residence and seat of power. After then, Nasca people society diversified, but Cahuachi remained an important site, for rituals and burials. At least 5000 tombs have been identified, many of them have been looted. The site has been intensively studied by a team led by Italian archaeologist Giuseppe Orefici.
Incas deemed this spot the belly button of the world. A visit to Cuzco tumbles you back into the cosmic realm of ancient Andean culture – knocked down and fused with the colonial splendors of Spanish conquest, only to be repackaged as a thriving tourist mecca. Yet Cuzco is only the gateway.
Beyond lies the Sacred Valley, Andean countryside dotted with villages, high altitude hamlets and ruins linked by trail and railway tracks to the continent’s biggest draw – Machu Picchu, one of the most amazing sites build by Nazca people
Old ways are not forgotten here. Colorful textiles keep vivid the past, as do the wild fiestas and carnivals where pagan tradition meets solemn Catholic ritual. A stunning landscape careens from Andean peaks to orchid-rich cloud forests and Amazon lowlands. Explore it on foot or by fat tire, rafting wild rivers or simply braving the local buses to the remote and dust-worn corners of this far-reaching, culturally rich department.
From Cuzco you can go to another fascinating city – Machu Picchu city that was build from zero to amazing level and than abondent by the Nazca people
PICTURE FROM CUSCO
Historians believe Machu Picchu was built at the height of the Inca Empire, which dominated western South America in the 15th and 16th centuries. It was abandoned an estimated 100 years after its construction, probably around the time the Spanish began their conquest of the mighty pre-Columbian civilization in the 1530s. There is no evidence that the conquistadors ever attacked or even reached the mountaintop citadel, however; for this reason, some have suggested that the residents’ desertion occurred because of a smallpox epidemic.City is full with terraces where they grow vegetables and other food for the city. Many canals took the water from the mountain and bring to every home in the city. Amazing precise building of the buildings make many people curios to find out how they build it.
In the midst of a tropical mountain forest on the eastern slopes of the Peruvian Andes, Machu Picchu’s walls, terraces, stairways and ramps blend seamlessly into its natural setting. The site’s finely crafted stonework, terraced fields and sophisticated irrigation system bear witness to the Inca civilization’s architectural, agricultural and engineering prowess. Its central buildings are prime examples of a masonry technique mastered by the Incas in which stones were cut to fit together without mortar.
PICTURE FROM MACHU PICHU
Since they became widely known in the late 1920s, when commercial air travel was introduced between Lima and the southern Peruvian city of Arequipa, the mysterious desert drawings known as the Nasca lines have puzzled archaeologists, anthropologists, and anyone fascinated by ancient cultures in the Americas. For just as long, waves of scientists—and amateurs—have inflicted various interpretations on the lines, as if they were the world’s largest set of Rorschach inkblots. At one time or another, they have been explained as Inca roads, irrigation plans, images to be appreciated from primitive hot-air balloons, and, most laughably, landing strips for alien spacecraft.Those lines are very long and stretch in kilometars.
Strange spiraling holes dotted across the arid valleys of southern Peru have puzzled generations of archaeologists.
But researchers believe they may have solved the mystery of the Nazca holes, known as puquios, with the help of satellite images and data.
They said the holes formed part of a ‘sophisticated’ hydraulic system that allowed the ancient Nazca civilisation to retrieve water from underground aquifers.Their name is puquios, they have baffled archaeologists as to their use but today many people and scientist believe that this holes where use to generate wind power to push the water through the area.Even some people suggest that holes were use for pumping water out of the ground. However this
holes build by Nazca people long time ago are again engieneering masterpiece
that show once again how much knowledge this people had. No one knows how they
come and how they leave their cities and why. Hope soon we will discover this
and get some answers on our question who were Nazca people