Active volcanoes in Europe- Top 8 list

Active volcanoes are pretty common thing in Europe. Most of them in north of Europe but there is also some active volcanoes across the continent . I make a list of 8 most wonderful and worth to see places in Europe.

1.Eyjafjallajokull, Iceland

Active volcano like Eyjafjallajokull can caused thousands of flight delays when it erupted in 2010, so it may not sit happily in many people’s memories. Today, however, it offers a spectacular hike across an Icelandic ice cap.

Take some time to admire the Skógafoss waterfall, a thundering cascade, at the base of Eyjafjallajokull. Before long, you’ll be trudging through snow and ash, past glacier streams and the site of the 2010 eruption.

This hike takes between 8-10 hours and puts you in an ideal position to spot some of Iceland’s most spectacular sites, ncluding glaciers, canyons and mountain valleys. Upon reaching the summit, the Myrdalsjokull and Tindfjallajokull glaciers can be spotted, whilst the Vestmannaeyjar Islands wink at you from the distance.

You should only climb Eyjafjallajokull with a guide and it is recommended that you climb between mid-June to late-August. Outside of these months, the weather can drop to dangerously low temperatures.

active volcano iceland

2: Mount Teide, Tenerife

Europe’s highest volcano sits 3,718 metres above sea level on the largest island in the Canaries. Last erupting in 1909, Mount Teide is now a dormant volcano that attracts eager climbers each year.

Expectant hikers can attempt to reach Teide’s summit throughout the year, but, due to the scorching summer heat, it is best to embark on this climb during the spring (April-May) and autumn (September-October) when the weather is at its mildest.

actrive volcano tenerife

3.Mount Vesuvius, Italy

The notorious volcano that buried the entire city of Pompeii and its neighbouring town, Herculaneum, in a cloud of ash when it erupted in 79AD is open to hikers year round. While tourists flock to Italy’s west coast to see the ruins of Pompeii, Mount Vesuvius (the cause of Pompeii’s fame) is also well worth a visit.

Peaking at 1,280 metres, Mount Vesuvius is easily accessible to most hikers. Guided tours lead climbers to the summit of the volcano in just 50 minutes, where you can peer into Vesuvius’s crater, take in the view of the Bay of Naples and catch a glimpse of the Apennine mountains. Alternatively, simply join the crowds making their way to the top.

Vesuvius is one of the world’s most active volcanoes and it is long overdue an eruption. It is always important to check safety updates before attempting the climb.

active italy

4.Mount Etna, Sicily, Italy

Etna dominates the city of Catania and eastern Sicily an active volcano that lacking competing peaks, it draws the eye: imagine two Ben Nevises on top of each other close to the sea. Despite the constant volcanic activity, it is still possible to make it to Etna’s highest-allowable point of 2,920m and back in an afternoon. Visitors will see solidified lava flows from down the centuries reaching right into towns and villages, and craters at all levels of the mountain.

It is these side fissures that still pose the biggest risk to Catania – which was destroyed by an eruption in 1669 – and nearby villages. The best route up is on the south side via the Catania suburb of Nicolosi. From here, drive, cycle or take the twice daily AST bus (which starts in Catania) up to the Rifugio Sapienza (at 1,923m), where tickets can be bought for the combined cable car and 4×4 bus trip, Funivia dell’Etna (€60pp), to the highest-possible level.

The ticket price also includes a guided tour around a large, smoking crater next to an observatory. A more sedate way of exploring the volcano’s environs is by train. The scenic Circumetnea Railway travels around the base of Etna from Catania Borgo to Riposto and costs about €8pp, taking three hours.

etna active

5.Mount Stromboli, Sicily, Italy

 

his is a 924m volcano with near-constant explosive activity. Although it’s a modest size, it is a tough climb to the summit, but climbing skills are not necessary. Factor in up to six hours: three hours up, one hour to view the crater, and 1½ hours down. Use of a guide is obligatory above a point at 400m called the Sciara del Fuoco.

Even from here any belch of magma at the summit should be visible. In any case, mild explosions – appearing at dusk like giant roman candles – happen on Stromboli, sometimes every half hour.

Guided trips to the summit crater from the Sciara leave late in the day so the fireworks can be appreciated in full. The attractive trail to the Sciara starts in Piscità, about 2km west of Stromboli’s port. Organised treks to the crater depart daily, timed to reach the summit at sunset and to allow 45 minutes to observe the crater’s fireworks.
Magmatrek runs guided trips along the whole trail from Stromboli village (€28 adults, €25 kids under 14). Stromboli is accessible by boat from Milazzo, Palermo, Naples and by excursions from Cefalu and Taormina

active sicily

6.Nisyros, Dodecanese, Greece

This is the least well-known, and least-active, volcano in our top 10. It is on Nisyros island in the Dodecanese between Kos and Tilos. It may not make headlines for its pyrotechnics (it last erupted in 1888), but magma is rising beneath the island, seismic activity has been increasing and the temperature of vent emissions is on the up. Only 8km in diameter, the island is dotted with villages.

It has a 3km-wide caldera with active fumaroles, hot gases bubbling up through mud, and hot springs. The island is reached by ferry from Kos, Piraeus, Tilos and Leros. Boats (ferries and charters) from Kos leave from Kardamena (shorter transit time of one hour, from €24) and Kos Town (from €9). There is a frequent, short, €2 bus journey to the crater from the port of Mandraki.

7.Dar Alages  active volcano- Armenia

The andesitic Dar-Alages volcano, also known as Daly-Tapa, formed in postglacial times (Sviatlovsky, 1959). The Vaiyots-Sar and Smbatassar pyroclastic cones of Holocene age (Karakhanian et al., 2002) are located in this part of the Vardeniss volcanic ridge. Vaiyots-Sar volcano lies just north of the major Areni-Zanghezour Fault, near the town of Vaik, and produced a fissure-fed lava flow several thousand years ago that dammed the Arpah River and flowed to the west for 6 km. The youthful-looking Smbatassar cinder cone is located 17 km to the NW and produced lava flows that traveled 11 and 17 km north and south, respectively.

active armenia

 

8.Corvo volcano Portugal

The small 3.5 x 6 km island of Corvo is located at the NW end of the Azores archipelago.

Background:

Corvo and its neighbor to the south, Flores, are the only two Azorean volcanoes located west of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. A 2-km-wide caldera centered on the north side of the island is the most prominent feature of Corvo. The caldera floor contains several small cinder cones and two shallow lakes. Two southward-breached pyroclastic cones erupted along a N-S-trending fissure and fed lava flows that formed a platform that underlies the village of Corvo at the southern end of the island. The youngest eruption on Corvo produced a fissure-fed lava flow that reached the sea near Punta Negra.